Fission tracks are linear trails of intense radiation damage in the crystal structure of a mineral, produced by spontaneous fissioning of uranium U atoms. The purpose of this article is to present apatite and zircon fission-track data, and U—Pb granite ages that provide information about the cooling histories of a rock which can be crucial in comprehending the exhumation episodes of the study area, in particular, and the region, in general. These samples were used to determine Fission-Track and crystallization ages. HeFTy software was employed to interpret the cooling histories of the samples using forward and inverse models. The inverse model was an approach of reproducing the observed data, and it was carried out only for fission-track data from the apatite grains. And it was constructed after generating a number of forward models, where in each of these models the predicted apatite fission-track parameters were compared to the measured values. Similarly, the data shows that the apatite and zircon FT ages appear younger than the age of the rock crystallization.
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Zircon geochronology is a critical tool for establishing geologic ages and time scales of processes in the Earth’s crust. However, for zircons compromised by open system behavior, achieving robust dates can be difficult. Chemical abrasion CA is a routine step prior to thermal ionization mass spectrometry TIMS dating of zircon to remove radiation-damaged parts of grains that may have experienced open system behavior and loss of radiogenic Pb.
While this technique has been shown to improve the accuracy and precision of TIMS dating, its application to high-spatial resolution dating methods, such as secondary ion mass spectrometry SIMS , is relatively uncommon.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of ‘Results of U-Pb dating of zircon and baddeleyite from the Noril’sk-1 ultramafic-mafic intrusion (Russia)’. Together.
This dataset accompanies proposed publication, ‘In situ LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating of cassiterite without a known-age matrix-matched reference material: Examples from worldwide tin deposits spanning the Proterozoic to Tertiary’, to be published in Chemical Geology, which will report a LA-ICPM analytical procedure for dating cassiterite, a main ore mineral in tin deposits, with no need for an independently dated matrix-matched cassiterite standard.
Didn’t find what you’re looking for? Suggest a dataset here. Home Department of the Interior. Metadata Updated: August 13, License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person’s official duties it is considered a U.
U-Pb dating of speleogenetic dolomite: A new sulfuric acid speleogenesis chronometer. Victor J. Sulfuric acid speleogenesis SAS produces sulfate, carbonate, and oxide byproducts. We applied U-Pb analyses of a dolomite crust sample from Carlsbad Cavern. A model age of 4. U-Pb dating of speleogenetic dolomite is a new way of measuring the timing of SAS.
U-Pb dating of carbonates by LA-ICPMS spot analysis is an increasingly used method in the field of geosciences, as it brings very strong constraints over the.
At present, Chemostrat can determine U-Pb ages for zircon and apatite crystals. Zircon is a robust mineral and so the crystals preserve the age at which they formed or underwent high grade metamorphism. Consequently, U-Pb zircon geochronology can be employed to constrain the age of the basement rocks and in turn can help to identify sediment dispersal patterns and to correlate sandstones.
If the analysed zircon crystal has not suffered either Pb loss or U gain, it will plot on the concordia line from which its age can be deduced. Sandstones frequently contain detrital zircon grains and if these grains are undisturbed and concordant, their ages provide some clue as to their provenance. Generally at least fifty grains from each sandstone sample need to be analysed in order to obtain reliable data. The age of apatite grains can be calculated by plotting their U-Pb isotopic composition to form a discordia line.
Apatite has a lower closure temperature than zircon, i. Therefore, they provide different information about the source of sandstones than zircons such as low grade metamorphic rocks. This provides further information about sediment input pathways to sedimentary basins and, when combined with detrital zircon analysis, provides a powerful tool to identify the provenance of sediments. U-Pb Dating of Apatite The age of apatite grains can be calculated by plotting their U-Pb isotopic composition to form a discordia line.
U-Pb Zircon & Apatite dating
U—Pb ages, trace element content and oxygen isotope ratios of single zircons from five plagiogranite intrusions of the Troodos ophiolite were measured to determine their crystallization age and assess the importance of fractional crystallization versus crustal anatexis in their petrogenesis. The inferred substantial involvement of crustal component is consistent with the existence of a shallow axial magma chamber, typical of fast-spreading mid-ocean ridge settings, within the Troodos slow-spreading ridge environment.
This apparent contradiction may be reconciled by episodically intense magmatism within an otherwise slow, magmatically deprived spreading axis. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
2. Geochemistry of U and Pb – what materials can we date? 3. Analytical techniques. 4. Focus on high-precision U.
Monazite is an underutilized mineral in U—Pb geochronological studies of crustal rocks. It occurs as an accessory mineral in a wide variety of rocks, including granite, pegmatite, felsic volcanic ash, felsic gneiss, pelitic schist and gneiss of medium to high metamorphic grade, and low-grade metasedimentary rocks, and as a detrital mineral in clastic and metaclastic sediments. In geochronological applications, it can be used to date the crystallization of igneous rocks, determine the age of metamorphism in metamorphic rocks of variable metamorphic grade, and determine the age and neodymium isotopic characteristics of source materials of both igneous and sedimentary rocks.
It is particularly useful in the dating of peraluminous granitic rocks where zircon inheritance often precludes a precise U—Pb age for magmatic zircon. The U—Pb systematics of the mineral are not without complexity, however. Being a mineral that favors incorporation of Th relative to U, it can contain considerable amounts of excess Pb derived from initially incorporated Th, an intermediate decay product of U.
Monazite is known to be capable of preserving inheritance in a manner similar to that of zircon, and it can lose Pb during episodic or prolonged heating events of uppermost amphibolite and granulite facies metamorphic grades. Examples of U—Pb systematics from most of the above situations are presented in this paper to illustrate both the utility and complexity of monazite in geochronological studies in an attempt to encourage more widespread application of this dating method.
Nadia Mohammadi , Christopher R. McFarlane , David R. Lentz , Kathleen G. Jean-Pierre Burg , Pierre Bouilhol. Andrew DuFrane. Alcock , P.
U-Pb dating of carbonates by LA-ICPMS spot analysis is an increasingly used method in the field of geosciences, as it brings very strong constraints over the geological history of basins, faults or reservoirs. Most ages currently published are based on the measurement of U and Pb ratios on spot ablations, using nanosecond lasers coupled to sector-field or multi-collector ICPMS.
Here, we present a new strategy for the U-Pb dating of carbonates from 2D isotopic ratio maps, based on the use of a robust regression approach in the data reduction workflow. The isotopic maps, having minimum area of 0. The maps commonly show significant variations in isotope ratios at the pixel scale, allowing the plotting of pixel U-Pb ratios in concordia or isochron diagrams and the calculation of U-Pb ages.
Due to the absence of individual ratio uncertainties, the ages are calculated by using MM-robust linear regression rather than the more commonly used York-type regression.
U-Pb data for: Monazite and cassiterite U-Pb dating of the Abu Dabbab rare-metal granite, Egypt: Late Cryogenian metalliferous granite.
Geology ; 46 3 : — In such deposits, assessing the exact timing of reservoir property stabilization is critical to better understand the postdepositional processes favorable to the creation or preservation of porosity. However, placing reliable and accurate chronological constraints on the formation of microporosity in these reservoirs is a major challenge. In this study we performed absolute U-Pb dating of calcite cements occurring in the Urgonian microporous limestone northern Tethys margin of southeastern France.
U-Pb ages ranging between Our results show that 1 the mineralogical stabilization process responsible for the formation of an excellent pervasive microporous network took place relatively early, and 2 the so-acquired reservoir quality was preserved for more than 90 m. These observations emphasize the importance of long exposure periods and associated meteoric influx for the formation and preservation of good microporous reservoirs. Establishing the relative chronology of diagenetic transformation paragenesis from thin section petrography is of outmost importance but it is not sufficient to link the evolution of petrophysical properties in reservoirs with basin-scale structural and burial events in a proper temporal framework.
Prior studies have shown the importance of absolute dating of diagenetic cements, which may lead to major reinterpretation of the thermal history and the potential timing of oil generation, migration, and accumulation Mark et al.
Geochronology – Methods and Case Studies. In situ U-Pb dating combined with SEM images on zircon crystals represent a powerful tool to reconstruct metamorphic and magmatic evolution of basements recording a long and complex geological history [ 1 – 3 ]. The development of high spatial and mass resolution microprobes e. The growth of zircon crystals, evidenced by their internal microtextures, can be easily revealed by SEM imaging by Cathodoluminescence CL and Variable Pressure Secondary Electrons VPSE detectors on separated grains or in situ within a polished thin rock section [ 6 , 4 , 7 ].
In acidic magmatic rocks abundant zircon crystals provide precise age data about magma emplacement and origin of source indicating the geodynamic context and the pertinence of terranes forming the continental crust. As regards the metamorphic context, zircon can potentially preserves multiple stages of metamorphic records owing its highly refractory nature, high closure temperature and slow diffusion rate of Pb, thus it is an ideal mineral for U-Pb dating of poly-metamorphic rocks [ 9 , 10 ].
The systematics of U and Pb in zircons serve as one of the most important dating tools available in the geosciences. Until now, most zircon analyses are performed.
Manuscript received: September 26, Corrected manuscript received: November 26, Manuscript accepted: December 1, It is critical, however, to perform the data reduction in a fast, transparent and customizable way that takes into account the specific analytical procedures employed in various laboratories and the outputs of different instruments.
Its main strengths are transparency, robustness, speed, and the ability to be readily customized and adapted to specific analytical procedures used in different laboratories. Microanalytical techniques are gaining a widespread use in geosciences, because they provide a fast, precise and accurate way to determine compositional variations in glasses, minerals, and rocks.
This technique permits high mass resolution, and is particularly applied to resolve isotopic abundances of trace elements, including the rare earth elements REE e. For those radioisotope chains in which isotopic pairs are not affected by isobaric interferences e. The system was recently described by Solari et al. This is the analytical technique currently more commonly applied and requested by internal i.
U-series and U-Pb carbonate geochronology
This dataset accompanies proposed publication, ‘In situ LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating of cassiterite without a known-age matrix-matched reference material: Examples.
This page provides a short tutorial leading through some steps that are required for obtaining U-Pb zircon ages using the UCLA ims ion microprobe:. Pb isotope intensity of zircon during O – ion bombardement is significantly enhanced if the sample surface is saturated with regard to oxygen. During zircon analysis, oxygen gas is leaked through a valve into the ims sample chamber. Note: in order to open EP10, EP11 or to vent the door, the leak valve has to be closed 1.
At the beginning of an analytical session or when analytical parameters such as primary beam intensity or spot size were changed, energy offsets for all measured ion species must be determined. Centering the secondary ion image in the center of the field aperture FA is necessary for each new analysis spot because primary beam paths and conditions of secondary ion extraction vary over the area of the sample surface,in particular when spot-to-spot movements over large distances few mm are required.
The sequence is as follows:. The mass range for each peak is set by two parameters:. Examples are shown for Pb, Pb, and Pb. Note that the Pb signal is typically too small to perform magnet centering on Pb directly. Instead, a nearby reference mass 94 Zr 2 O is used to center the magnet blue cursor whereas the B-filed during analysis is set for Pb red cursor. In order to stabilize the secondary ion signal and to remove surface contamination, the primary beam is focused on the sample surface for a certain time period prior to data acquisition.
In this example right , the duration of the presputtering was 3 min. Subsequently, intensities were measured in 15 magnet cycles.
U–Pb dating of mineral deposits: From age constraints to ore-forming processes
Of all the isotopic dating methods in use today, the uranium-lead method is the oldest and, when done carefully, the most reliable. Unlike any other method, uranium-lead has a natural cross-check built into it that shows when nature has tampered with the evidence. Uranium comes in two common isotopes with atomic weights of and we’ll call them U and U. Both are unstable and radioactive, shedding nuclear particles in a cascade that doesn’t stop until they become lead Pb.
The two cascades are different—U becomes Pb and U becomes Pb. What makes this fact useful is that they occur at different rates, as expressed in their half-lives the time it takes for half the atoms to decay.
The appearance and duration of the Jehol Biota: Constraint from SIMS U-Pb zircon dating for the Huajiying Formation in northern China.
Climate change. Geology of Britain. U-series and U-Pb capability for carbonate geochronology has been developed in the geochronology and tracers facility to support NERC climate research, benefitting from extensive knowledge transfer from our U- Th -Pb geochronology facility. Sea floor geochronology and tracers is a recently developed but rapidly growing area for the facility.
This science area is focused on the chronology of sea floor deposits that can be dated by U-Th methods e. An issue with such projects is access to samples, and we are working with partners in Norway and the US to build collaboration and access to unique sample sets, and to include other UK interested parties.
U-Pb zircon geochronology
Vishnevskaya , E. Letnikova, N. Kanygina, A.
Bastnaesite, a common accessory mineral in REE ore deposits, is ideal for U–Pb isotopic dating because of its relatively high U and Th contents. We report an.
But what about rocks and other materials on Earth? How do scientists actually know the age of a rock? Geochronologists are real detectives able to unravel the age of minerals and rocks on Earth. One of the widespread methods within geochronology is the radiometric dating technique based on the radioactive decay of Uranium U into Lead Pb. With this technique, geochronologists can date rocks of million to billions of years old.
It works like a clock that starts ticking as soon as the rock is formed. Rocks often contain traces of the element uranium and some of the uranium U decays to lead Pb. During the life of a rock, the amount of uranium decreases and the amount of lead increases. Young rocks have very high amounts of uranium and low amounts of lead content, whereas very old rocks have very little uranium and high lead amounts.